Turn after chastening:
(vexed) his holy Spirit: therefore he was turned to be their enemy, [and] he fought against them. Then he remembered the days of old,
The Lord will not cast off for ever.
But though he cause grief, yet will he have compassion according to the multitude of his mercies.
For he doth not afflict willingly nor grieve the children of men.
To crush under his feet all the prisoners of the earth.
To turn aside the right of a man before the face of the most High.
To subvert a man in his cause, the Lord approveth not
The LORD hath chastened me sore: but he hath not given me over unto death.
thou in faithfulness hast afflicted me.
Where [is] the bill of your mother's divorcement, whom I have put away?(No where) or which of my creditors [is it] to whom I have sold you? (No one- you sold yourselves) when I came, [was there] no man? (Israel left Him) when I called, [was there] none to answer?
Israel chastening compared to Gentiles:
Thou wilt perform the truth to Jacob, and the mercy to Abraham, which thou hast sworn unto our fathers from the days of old. (even though now chastened)
I will make a full end of all the nations whither I have driven thee: (but) I will not make a full end of thee, but correct thee in measure; yet will I not leave thee wholly unpunished.
I [am] with thee, to save thee: though I make a full end of all nations whither I have scattered thee, yet will I not make a full end of thee: but I will correct thee in measure, and will not leave thee altogether unpunished.
Hath He smitten him(Israel), as He(the Lord) smote those(Sennacharib, Pharoah…) that smote him(Israel)? (No, his people get special treatment)
He would provoke Israel to jealousy by them that are no people, and by a foolish nation He would anger them.
He has given Israel the spirit of slumber.
in my wrath I smote thee, but in my favour have I had mercy on thee.
Chastening how much:
When thou with rebukes dost correct man for iniquity, thou makest his beauty to consume away like a moth: surely every man is vanity. Selah.
God doth instruct him(the planter) to discretion, [and] doth teach him. (Not to thresh/afflict plants too heavily nor too lightly) This (farmer discretion) also cometh forth from the LORD of hosts, (God knows the correct amount of discipline)
He stayeth(removes) his rough wind, in the day of the east wind(worse).(represents increased chastening)